Kurt Cobain Meets Krist Novoselic in high school
Kurt Cobain and Krist Novoselic might have been students at Aberdeen High together, but they never hung out. Both hung out at the practices of the garage band The Melvins, where Kurt tried to convince Krist to join forces, even handing him a demo tape for his then-band Fecal Matter. Three years later, Krist finally listened to the tape and asked Cobain to form a band together, eventually calling themselves "Nirvana".
Nirvana Release Their Debut Album 'Bleach' On Sub Pop
After experimenting as a five-piece, Kurt and Krist ditch the other members and replace them with drummer Chad Channing. The three-piece then get to work on their garage-y, dirge-y sound, influenced by everything from Black Sabbath to The Melvins to The Beatles. This manifested itself in their debut album Bleach, released in June 1989 on indie label Sub Pop.
Nirvana Find Their New Drummer Dave Grohl
Nirvana's sound was changing, getting poppier and poppier as Cobain said he felt "happier and happier." To compensate, they needed a new drummer. Melvins' frontman Buzz Osbourne introduced the band to Dave Grohl who auditioned for the band in Seattle. Said Novoselic, "We knew in two minutes that he was the right drummer."
Nirvana Release "Nevermind" In 1991
Newly signed to David Geffen's label (thanks to some help from their friends Sonic Youth), Nirvana released their debut album "Nevermind" in 1991. The label did not have high expectations for the release, expecting it sell about 250,000 copies. Instead the explosive power of their first single "Smells Like Teen Spirit" led the album to reach #1 on the Billboard charts, eventually selling over seven million copies worldwide.
Nirvana Go On A European Tour With The Ramones And Sonic Youth
With the success of "Nevermind", Nirvana headed on an incredibly ambitious worldwide tour. One of their highlights is a European jaunt with their friends Sonic Youth, Dinosaur Jr., Babes In Toyland, Mudhoney and The Ramones. The experience was captured in the great underground documentary "1991: The Year Punk Broke".
Nirvana Plays The Reading Festival In 1992 - With Kurt Cobain In A Wheelchair
In 1992, Nirvana played their last U.K. show at the Reading Festival, which is largely considered to be one of their best concerts ever. Cobain took the stage in a wheelchair, pushed by music journalist Everett True, taking on media speculation about his physical and mental health. The explosive concert (captured in the live concert DVD Live At Reading) included covers of Boston's "More Than A Feeling" and Deep Purple's "Smoke On The Water."
Nirvana Release "In Utero"
Nirvana would release their final album "In Utero" in September of 1993, just months before Kurt Cobain's death. With a harder production by Steve Albini, the album included emotional, darker material, including singles "Heart-Shaped Box" and "All Apologies." Critics saw it as a mature step away from the poppier "Nevermind", and fans bought it in droves. The album is now certified five times platinum.
Nirvana Are Nominated For Six Grammy Awards
While Nirvana were universally loved by critics and fans alike, this didn't translate into success at the Grammy Awards. The band has been nominated six times, twice for "Best Alternative Music Performance." They finally won, posthumously, in 1996 for the release of "MTV's Unplugged".
Nirvana Play 'MTV: Unplugged'
In September 1993, Nirvana played an acoustic concert for MTV's "Unplugged" series. The concert captured in their live album was incredibly personal and beautiful. With the help of a string section and backing from Kurt Cobain's beloved band The Meat Puppets, hard grunge anthems like "Pennyroyal Tea" and "Polly" became mournful and beautiful. Wrote Entertainment Weekly after the album was released months after Cobain's death, "Beyond inducing a sense of loss for Cobain himself, 'Unplugged' elicits a feeling of musical loss, too: The delicacy and intimacy of these acoustic rearrangements hint at where Nirvana (or at least Cobain, who was said to be frustrated with the limitations of the band) could have gone."
Nirvana Inducted Into The Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame
Nirvana was be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on April 10th, 2014, having just reached the minimum 20 years of eligibility since the band was formed. The ceremony featured surviving members Dave Grohl and Krist Novoselic, with live performances of their biggest hits in tribute to their legacy.